Volksplane (46 size EP-GP - Civilian category)
The VP-1 is an all-wood, strut-braced open-cockpit single-seat low-wing aircraft designed for amateur construction. Designed to be simple to build and safe to fly, performance and appearance is of secondary importance. To make construction simple marine grade lt plywood is used for the slab-sided fuselage structure.
The Volksplane first flew in 1968. The wings were designed to be detachable to allow the aircraft to transported by road.
The VP-1 was designed specifically to utilize a modified VW Type 1 automotive engine from the VW Beetle. The fuselage is built in a warren truss arrangement where the exterior plywood takes the diagonal stress loads, therefore eliminating the diagonal members to maintain simplicity. The vertical and upright members are staggered to keep the joints as simple as possible. The wing is of a forward and aft blank spar design which uses stack-cut plywood ribs of equal size in order to keep construction time down. The ailerons are hinged directly behind the aft spar. For simplicity no flaps are provided. The wings and tail surfaces are fabric covered.